Who Will Reflect Your Priorities?

Which Candidates Best Reflect Your Development Priorities?

Compact infill provides many economic, social and environmental benefits.


To help voters evaluate candidates’ affordable development priorities, Cities for Everyone surveyed Candidates and analyzed their platforms. We found that, when it comes to affordability, candidates tend to fall into four general categories:

  1. Comprehensive affordability. Support policies that allow more compact infill in residential neighbourhoods to increase low- and moderate-income affordability.
  2. Low-income affordability. Focus on subsidizing and mandating below-market housing to increase affordability for people with low incomes and special housing needs.
  3. “Protect neighbourhoods.” Oppose neighbourhood change and therefore affordable infill.
  4. Unconcerned or unclear. Indicate little concern or provide little information about affordability.

The distinction between comprehensive and low-income affordability is important because there are often trade-offs between these goals. Some policies intended to increase low-income affordability can reduce middle-income affordability, for example, if inclusionary zoning increases moderate-priced housing costs, or housing demolition prohibitions prevent development of larger buildings. Comprehensive affordability advocates support diverse infill housing, including some that is initially too costly for low-income households but increases affordability through filtering, as some low-priced housing occupants move into the new middle-priced units, and over time as the new homes depreciate.

The table below categorizes candidates’ apparent affordability priorities. Voters can use this information to select candidates that reflect their values.

Candidates Categorized by Their Affordability Priorities


 Comprehensive AffordabilityLow-income Affordability“Protect Neighborhoods”Unconcerned        or Unclear
MayorLisa Helps

Michael Geoghegan

Rob Duncan

David A. Johnston

Stephen Hammond

Bruce McGuigan

Saul Anderson


Alexander Schmid

Krysztof Zmuda



Marianne Alto

Laurel Collins

Sharmarke Dubow

Anna King

Grace Lore

Jeremy Loveday

Sarah Potts

Andrew Reeve

Charlayne Thornton-Joe

Steve Filipovic

James Harasymow

Ben Isitt

Randie Johal

Sean Leitenberg

Jordan Reichert

Ted Smith

Marg Gardiner

Pam Madoff

Geoff Young

Gary Alberts

Stephen Andrew

Darlene Archibald

Riga Godron

Rose Henry

Jesse Jimenez

Edison Kahakauwila

Delmar Martay

Doug Stewart

William Tate

MayorFred Haynes

Rob Wickson

Richard AtwellDavid Shebib


Benjamin Allan

Trevor Barry

Susan Brice

Judy Brownoff

Zac de Vries

Rebecca Mersereau

Shawn Newby

Teale Phelps Bondaroff

Colin Plant

Ned Taylor

Nathalie Chambers

Vernon Lord

Art Pollard

Kathleen Burton

Karen Harper

Ian Jessop

Cory Montgomery

Rishi Sharma

Oak Bay
MayorKevin MurdochNils Jensen


Andrew Appleton

Anton Brakhage

Isabella Lee

Tara Ney

Andrew Stinson

Cairine Green

Hazel Braithwaite

Eric Zhelka

Esther Paterson

Candidates tend to fit into one of four general affordability policy categories. This information can help voters choose the candidates who will best represent their priorities.


Click here for a PDF version of the Candidates’ Affordability Rating Report.

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